New boys, 1849

February 16, 2011

New boys entered the school at the beginning of the Lent Term in January, Summer Term in April and Michaelmas Term in August. These are indicated as L, S, or M after each entry.

Austin, William George Gardiner. Born 1836. Aged 13 on admission. The son of Rt. Rev. William Piercy Austin, D.D. Bishop of Guiana. One of the first eight prefects in 1851, Senior Prefect in 1853. He left Radley in 1853. He was awarded the Symes Exhibition at Exeter College, Oxford, and a Demyship at Magdalen College, Oxford, both in 1853. He took 3rd Class Classical Mods in 1855, BA 1857, MA 1859. He rowed for Oxford University VIII in 1858. He taught as a Fellow at Radley College 1858-9 – the first boy to return as a teacher at the school. He took Holy Orders in 1859, and then served as Chaplain to the Bishop of Guiana from 1860-1891. He was Inspector of Schools for British Guiana, 1862-91, and Precentor of St George’s Cathedral, Georgetown, 1884-91. He returned to England and served as Rector of Stanway, Essex from 1891-97. He died at Reading on 27th October 1903. (M)

Barton, Mordaunt. Born 1835. Aged 14 on admission. The son of Rev. Henry Jonas Barton, Wicken, Northamptonshire. One of the first eight prefects in 1851. He left Radley in 1853. Attended Exeter College, Oxford, in 1854, taking 3rd Class Classical Mods 1856, BA 1858, Holy Orders 1861. He served as Vicar of St James’s, Dallington from 1875 until 1885, then as Rector of Tickencote, Stamford from 1885 until 1904. He was Rural Dean of Rutland 1888-1904. He died at Tickencote on 29th May 1904. (M)

Biscoe, Henry Treweeke. Born 1839. Aged 10 on admission. The son of Rev. William Biscoe, Vicar of Coombe Bissett, Salisbury. He left Radley in 1858. He was a Scholar of Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1859, taking 3rd Class in Classical Mods in 1860, BA 1863, MA 1875, and Holy Orders in 1867. He served as Chaplain of King’s College, Cambridge from 1875 to 1890, then as Rector of Greenford, 1890-1901, and as Assistant Chaplain at St Mark’s, Florence, 1908-10. He died in London on 22nd December 1917. (M)

Bowman, Frederick John. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. The son of John Frederick Bowman of Great Alie St, E, London. He left Radley in 1850. He served in the Honourable Artillery Company for some time and then emigrated to Nebraska, USA in 1873. In 1871 he married Belinda, daughter of Rev. John Tottenham of Limerick. He died in London on 22nd November 1890. (M)

Buller, John Edward. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. The son of John Edward Buller of Chase Lodge, Enfield. Left Radley in 1851. Joined the 71st Highlanders in 1857; served in the Hazara Campaign, 1868. Died in Calcutta on 30th January, 1870. (L)

Campion, Charles Walter. Born 1839. Aged 10 on admission. The son of William John Campion, D.L., J.P., of Danny Park Sussex. Left Radley in 1851, and afterwards went to Eton College. Entered Baliol College, Oxford, 1858, taking a 2nd Class in Classical Mods in 1860, and 2nd Class Law and History, BA 1862. Barrister of the Inner Temple, 1866. Examiner of Petitions for Private Bills in Parliament from 1884; Mayor of Winchelsea, 1909. In 1879 he married Charlotte, daughter of Hugh H. Seymour. He died at Winchelsea on 18th March 1926. (S)

Cardale, Edward Russell. Born c.1835. Aged 14 on admission. The son of Rev. Edward Thomas Cardale, Rector of Flax Bourton, Bristol. He died at Leamington on 22nd June, 1852, whilst still a pupil at Radley. (S)

Cockerell, Rowland Vyner. Born 1835. Aged 14 on admission. The son of John Cockerell, D.L., J.P. Appointed one of the first eight prefects in 1851. He left Radley in 1851, and attended the East India College, Haileybury, from 1853-5. Joined the East India Company Service in 1856. He was killed by his pony shying and falling over a precipice with him near Simla, India, on 9th October, 1873. (L)

Copeland, Edward Capper. Born 1834. Aged 15 on admission. The son of William Taylor Copeland, M.P., of Cliff Bank Lodge, Stoke-on-Trent (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). He left Radley in 1850, and afterwards attended Harrow School. He became a partner in W.T. Copeland & Sons, china manufacturers, who later became Spode. He died on 25th May, 1873. (L)

Gray, Frederick. Born 1833. Aged 16 on admission. The son of Rev. Frederick William Gray of Castle Carey, Somerset. He left Radley in 1849. He became a J.P. in Sussex. In 1871 he married Frances, daughter of C. Wyndham of Donhead Hall, Wiltshire, and widow of Captain T.P. Rickford. He died at Uckfield on 18th November, 1903. (L)

Gray, George Wyndham. Born 1835. Aged 14 on admission. Brother of the above. He left Radley in 1849, and later attended the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. In 1872 he married Julia, daughter of Rev. Cecil Wynter, Rector of Gatton, Surrey. He died on 30th January 1888. (L)

Gray, Henry Francis. Born c. 1838. Brother of the above. He left Radley in 1849. In 1855 he went to New Zealand, where he was a sheep farmer for several years. In 1867 he married Sarah, daughter of John Cosby of Kirkby Thore, Westmorland. He died on 16th June, 1905. (L)

Gray, William Arthur. Born c. 1837. Brother of the above. He left Radley in 1849. He spent some years in New Zealand. He died on 7th December, 1904 (L)

Harington, Charles. Born 1837. Aged 12 on admission. The son of Rev. Richard Harington, D.D., Rector of Old, Northamptonshire, afterwards Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford. He left Radley in 1851. He attended Christ Church College, Oxford, 1856, gaining his BA in 1861, MA in 1863, and taking Holy Orders in 1863. He became Rector of Stoke-Lacey. In 1864 he married Lucy, daughter of Alexander Cotton of Landwade, Cambridgeshire. He died at Ryde, Isle of Wight, on 9th February, 1868. (S)

Henry, Arthur. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. The brother of James Henry who had entered Radley the previous term. He left Radley in 1852, and afterwards went to Bradfield College. He entered Brasenose College, Oxford in 1858. He became the Registrar in Insolvency for the Supreme Court of New South Wales, and a Past Grand Warden of New South Wales. He retired in 1908. He married Martha Skillman. He was still alive when the 1923 edition of the Radley Register was published, but no later report of his death was received by the school. (M)

Henry, Ernest. Born 1837. Aged 12 on admission. The brother of James and Arthur. He left Radley in 1852. He served in the 72nd Regiment from 1855 until 1857, and then emigrated to Australia where he was a sheep farmer and copper miner. He married Marian Thompson. No report of his death was ever sent to Radley. (M) See entry in the Australian Dictionary of National Biography.

Henry, James. Born 1836. Aged 13 on admission. The son of James Henry, of Blackdown, Sussex. He was appointed a prefect. He left Radley in 1852, and afterwards went to Bradfield College. He entered Exeter College, Oxford in 1854, taking his BA in 1858. In 1867 he married Evelyn, daughter of Sir John H. Pelly, (2nd) Bart, of Warnham Court, Sussex. He died at Putney on 15th February, 1916. (L)

Hetling, Frederick Thomas. Born 1837. Aged 12 on admission. Awarded a Decimal place. The son of William Ernest Hetling, of Bristol. He rowed for the VIII in 1855. He left Radley in 1855. He entered Oriel College, Oxford, as a Bible Clerk in 1855, taking his BA in 1859, MA 1868, and Holy Orders in 1863. He served as Rector of Testerton, 1867-70, of Essendon 1880-90, Vicar of Christ Church Albany Street, 1890-9, Rector of Redmile, Nottinghamshire, 1899-1910. In 1894 he married Ada Julia, Daughter of Thomas Edgar. He died at Redmile on 3rd June, 1910. (L)

Hill, Charles James. Born c. 1843. Aged 7/8 on admission. The son of Henry Hill of Ashfield Hall, Cheshire, and brother of Alfred and Octavius who had entered the school in 1848. He left Radley in 1852, but then returned in 1856 and finally left in 1858. He was a merchant in Russia from 1861-74, serving as the British Vice-Consul at Pernau in 1872-4. He was at Liverpool from 1876-81 and then returned to Libau in Russia in 1882, continuing there between 1889 and 1915. In 1868 he married Rhoda, daughter of James Richard Cattley of St Petersburg. He died at Libau on 2nd February 1915. (M)

Howard, George Francis. Born c.1841. Aged 8/9 on admission. The son of Frederick John Howard, MP, of Compton Place, Sussex. Left Radley later in the same term in 1849. (M)

Howard, William Frederick. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. Brother of George Francis Howard. He left Radley in 1852. Entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1857. In the 2nd Derbyshire Militia, 1868-74. (M)

Hudson, Herbert Richard. Date of birth unknown. The son of Harrington George Frederick Hudson of Bessingby, Yorkshire. He left Radley in 1852. In 55th Regiment, 1858-66. Died at Pau in March 1868. (M)

Irons, Herbert William. Born c.1840. Aged 9/10 on admission. Awarded a Decimal place. The son of Rev. William Josiah Irons, D.D., Vicar of Brompton and Prebendary of St Paul’s. He rowed for the VIII in 1856. He left Radley in 1856 and joined the East India Company Service. He served in four engagements during the Indian Mutiny in 1857. He died of fever in India on 26th May, 1858. (L)

Janvrin, Herbert Small. Born c.1836. Aged 12/13 on admission. The son of Francis Janvrin of 27 Devonshire Place, London. He left Radley in 1853, and entered the army. He served in the Kertch Expedition in the Crimean War in 1855, and in the 64th Regiment, 1857-62. He then went to America and served in the Federal Cavalry against the Confederates in the American Civil War in 1864. He died in the Cavalry Hospital at City Point, Virginia, USA, on 30th October 1864. (L)

Jelf, Arthur Richard. Born 1837. Aged 12 on admission. The son of Rev. William Richard Jelf, D.D., Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, and Principal of King’s College, London, one of the most highly respected members of the Oxford Movement (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). He left Radley in 1850, and afterwards attended Eton College, where his father had been educated. He was awarded Junior Student at Christ Church College, Oxford in 1856. He took 2nd Class in Mods in 1858, 2nd Class Lit. Hum., 4th Class Math. Fin. And BA in 1860; MA 1863. Barrister of the Inner Temple 1863; Recorder of Shrewsbury 1879-1901; Queen’s Counsel 1880; Bencher 1884; Justice of the High Court, King’s Bench Division 1901-10. Knighted 1901. In 1867 he married Jane, daughter of Rev. William Clark King, Vicar of Norham, Northumberland. He died at Putney on 24th July, 1917. (L)

Arthur was a member of a distinguished family. He himself became a Judge of the High Court, his eldest brother was the celebrated clergyman and author, George Edward Jelf (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography), who had attended Charterhouse, and a second brother was Colonel Richard Henry Jelf, governor of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. His uncle was William Edward Jelf, the Classical scholar, also involved in the Oxford Movement (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography).

La Primaudaye, Charles Henry. Born 1839. Aged 10 on admission. The son of Rev. Charles James La Primaudaye, Rector of Lavington, Sussex. He left Radley in 1851. He joined the 44th Regiment in 1855; transferred to the 64th in 1857, promoted to Captain in 1864. He transferred again to the 77th in 1868, and the 20th Foot in 1869. He retired from the army in 1871. In 1860 he married Blanche Maud, daughter of General Sir J. Gaspard le Marchant. He died in London on 21st May, 1923. (L)

Macdonald, John Craufurd. Born 1834. Aged 15 on admission. The son of Captain Donald Macdonald of Isauld, Caithness. He left Radley in 1850. Entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1852. Superintendent Terai, under Kumrun Commission, North-West Provinces, India, 1877-90. He died at Naihi Tal, India, on 6th September 1890.

His entry in Venn’s Alumni Cantabrigienses lists him as attending King’s College School, London before entering Trinity, with no record of Radley College, however, this is the boy who was beaten so severely by Edwardes that the boys staged a series of protests culminating in the near expulsion of Samuel Reynolds, the senior boy in the school. (entry in Alumni Cantabrigienses).

Majendie, Henry William. Born 1840. Aged 9 on admission. The son of Rev. George John Majendie, Rector of Heddington, Wiltshire. He left Radley in 1851, and afterwards attended Winchester College as a Scholar. He entered Exeter College, Oxford in 1858, taking his BA in 1862, MA 1866. He was a student at the Inner Temple in 1864. In 1865-6 he attended Wells Theological College, taking Holy Orders in 1866. He served as Vicar of Holy Trinity, Barnstaple, 1875-81; of Tor Mohun, Torquay, 1884-1900; Rural Dean of Ipplepen 1885-9; Vicar of Ilsham, Torquay, 1904-12; Prebendary of Exeter Cathedral from 1907-23. In 1878 he married Alice, daughter of W. Adair Bruce of Ashley Box, Wiltshire. He was a keen cricketer and member of the MCC. He died at Charminster, Dorset, on 13th December 1923. (S)

Henry’s grandfather was William Henry Majendie, Bishop of Bangor, the domestic chaplain to Queen Charlotte, and tutor to the Prince of Wales (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography).

Malan, William John Caesar. Born c.1835. Aged 13/14 on admission. The son of Rev. Solomon Caesar Malan, DD, Vicar of Broadwindsor, Dorset. He left Radley in 1851. He died at Helston on 19th May 1854. (M)

Perceval, Ernest Augustus. Born 1835. Aged 14 on admission. The son of Captain Ernest Augustus Perceval, late 15th Hussars, of Longwitton Hall, Northumberland and Henbury, Glos. He left Radley in 1853. In 1854 he joined the 88th Regiment, promoted to Captain in 1860. Retired from military service in 1864. He served in the Crimea, including the storming of the Redan, and in the Indian Mutiny. He died on 14th March 1924. (M)

Mason, Edward Montgomery. Born c.1838. Aged 10/11 on admission. The son of Captain Henry Brown Mason, Royal Navy. He left Radley in 1854, and joined the 5th Foot in 1856, promoted to Captain in 1859. He served in the Indian Mutiny in 1857-8, including the defence of Lucknow. He retired from military service in 1865. He died at Lambeth on 3rd August, 1888, leaving no will registered at Somerset House. (S)

Saunders, Kenrick Francis. Born 1840. Aged 9 on admission. The son of Erasmus Saunders, JP, of Alton Pancras, Dorset. He left Radley in 1853, and afterwards attended Eton College. He entered Trinity College, Oxford, in 1859. (M)

Sewell, Arthur. Born 1841. Aged 8/9 on admission. The son of Robert Burleigh Sewell of Newport, Isle of Wight, nephew of William Sewell, and cousin of Henry Sewell who entered the school in 1848. He became a prefect and played for the cricket XI in 1859-60. Awarded the Ouseley Prize in 1859-60. He left Radley in 1860. He was awarded a Choral Scholarship to New College, Oxford in 1862, taking his BA 1866, MA 1868 and Holy Orders in 1866. He worked as an assistant master at Malvern College School 1866-71, and as Head Master of a series of prep schools from 1871 until 1905. Licensed Priest in Salisbury Diocese 1891-1905, serving as Rector of Sutton Veny, Wiltshire from 1907 to 1922, and curate in charge at Radipole, Dorset, 1923-4. Licensed Priest in the Diocese of Bristol, Bath and Wells 1924-27, Sarum 1924-33. Appointed Chaplain to the Order of St John of Jerusalem 1871. He was the author of Daily thoughts for schoolboys, and composed various hymn tunes and other church music. In 1876 he married Mary Lee, daughter of H. Franks Waring, of Southcliffe, Lyme Regis. He died on 13th November 1947 at the age of 106, celebrated as the oldest living Radleian when the school celebrated its centenary in 1947. [photo]

The Spyers brothers

Spyers, Henry Almack. Born 1840. Aged 9 on admission. Younger brother of Thomas Spyers who had started at Radley the previous term. He was the Senior Prefect and rowed for the 1st VIII in 1857. He left Radley in 1857, and went up to Balliol College, Oxford in 1858. He achieved a 2nsd Class in Classical MOds, and 4th Class Lit. Hum in 1860; 3rd Class in Law and History, and took his BA in 1861; MA 1864; Holy Orders 1863; BD 1873. He was Head master of Weybridge School from 1880 until 1886 and then served as Vicar of Purbrook, Hampshire, 1886-1903. In 1864 he married Alice Mary, daughter of George Orme of South Farm, Broadwater, Sussex, and sister of his school friend James Bond Orme, who entered Radley, also aged 9/10, the following term. He died at Craneswater, Southsea on 20th June 1915. (M)

Spyers, Thomas Charles. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. The son of Rev Thomas Spyers, D.D., Head Master of Weybridge School. He left Radley in 1852. Awarded his MD from St Andrew’s University, and MRCS in 1861. He was in practice as a doctor at Weybridge from 1861-7, and at Faversham in Kent 1871-5. In 1863 he married Lucy Emma, daughter of Charles Phillips, MD, of Manchester. He died at Faversham on 14th July, 1875. (L) A watercolour drawing of the two Spyers brothers is the earliest extant portrait of Radley boys.

Talfourd, Thomas Noon. Born 1839. Aged 13 on admission. The son of Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd, Judge of the High Court, of 67 Russell Square, London. He left Radley on 1850, and afterwards went to Winchester College. He was a Barrister of the Middle Temple in 1865. He died on 9th May 1885. (M)

There is no mention of Thomas Noon Talfourd in his father’s entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, but he is clearly listed as the son of Rachel Talfourd in the census records for 1851. His father’s background in non-conformity makes Radley an interesting choice of school to send his son, however, Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd was renowned for eccentricity and for the cultured society in which he was a leading light so it is possible that the choice was dictated by the radical nature of the new school’s ethos and by the landscape and approach to art and beauty.

Thynne, Arthur Christopher. Born 1832. Aged 17 on admission. The son of Rev. the Lord John Thynne, D.D., Canon and Sub-Dean of Westminster, and one of the earliest supporters of Singleton and Sewell’s experimental school. Arthur was appointed one of the first eight prefects in 1851. He left Radley in 1851, and entered Baliol College, Oxford. BA 1854, MA 1859, took Holy Orders 1857. He served at Rector of Kilkhampton, Cornwall, 1859-1908. Prebendary of Exeter Cathedral, 1865-77, Honorary anon and Treasurer of Truro Cathedral, 1877-1908; Rural Dean of Stratton 1887-1908; Proctor in Convocation 1880-1908; Chaplain to the Bishop of Truro 1891-1908. Justice of the Peace for Cornwall. In 1859 he married Gwenllian, daughter of Russell Kendall, of Walthamstow. She died in 1905. He died at Kilkhampton on 2nd January, 1908. (S)

Thynne, William Frederick. Born 1834. Aged 15 on admission. Brother of the above. He left Radley in 1851. He joined the Rifle Brigade in 1852, promoted to Captain in 1855. He served in the Crimea in 1854-5, including the Battle of the Alma, and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. He died at Lucknow, of wounds received in action during the Indian Mutiny, on 11th March, 1858. (S)

Wilberforce, Arthur Henry. Born 1839. Aged 10 on admission. The son of Rev Henry William Wilberforce, Vicar of East Farleigh, Kent. He left Radley in 1850. He attended St Cuthbert’s College, Ushaw, 1853-64, taking Holy Orders as a Roman Catholic priest in 1863. He joined the Dominicans in 1866, taking the additional name of Bertrand. He was appointed Prior of St Dominic’s, London, in 1871. He was Preacher-General of the Dominican Order 1886-1904. He wrote a number of books including The life of Lewis Bertrand and Lives of the Dominican missionaries in Japan. He died at Chiswick on 14th December 1904. (S)

Arthur’s father was the son of William Wilberforce, the abolitionist, and brother of Samuel Wilberforce, the Bishop of Oxford, Visitor and Diocesan Bishop for Radley College. His parents had converted to Roman Catholicism in 1850, and his father resigned his living in 1851. (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) Two other uncles also converted, Robert and William (entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography)

It is, therefore, of great interest that Arthur should have been accepted at Radley, where both Singleton and Sewell were anxious that there should be no hint of Roman Catholicism, and not surprising that he left the school almost immediately on his parents’ conversions.

Wilberforce, Ernest Roland. Born 1840. Aged 9 on admission. The son of Bishop Wilberforce, younger brother of Reginald and cousin of Arthur, who had both entered Radley the previous term. He left Radley in 1851, and went on to attend Harrow School. He entered Exeter College, Oxford in 1860, taking his BA 1864, MA 1865. He transferred to Cuddesdon College, founded by his father in the late 1840s, in 1864, taking Holy Orders the same year. He served as Rector of Middleton Stoney, 1866-9; Sub-Almoner to Queen Victoria 1871-82; Vicar of Seaforth 1873-8; Canon of Winchester 1878-82. He was awarded his DD in 1882. He was then appointed Bishop of Newcastle, 1882-95, then Bishop of Chichester 1895-1907. In 1863 he married Frances Mary, daughter of Sir Charles Anderson of Lea Hall, Gainsborough. She died in 1870. He then married Emily, daughter of Very Rev. George Connor, Dean of Windsor in 1874. He died at Bembridge, Isle of Wight on 9th September 1907. (M)

Wilberforce, Reginald Garton. Born 1838. Aged 11 on admission. The son of Rt. Rev. Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., Bishop of Oxford and Visitor of Radley College, grandson of William Wilberforce the abolitionist, and cousin of the above. He left Radley in 1851, attended Rugby School from 1851 until 1854, and then re-entered Radley in April 1855, finally leaving in December 1855, aged 17. In 1856 he joined the 52nd Regiment. He served in the Indian Mutiny, including the siege of Delhi. He was a Barrister of the Inner Temple, 1870, becoming a Doctor of Law. He served as Justice of the Peace for Sussex in 1871. In 1867 he married Anna, daughter of Richard Denman. He died at Henfield, Sussex on 19th January, 1914. (L)

Willis, William Jarvis. Born 1840. Aged 9 on admission. The son of Rev. Thomas Willis, Incumbent of Southwick, Brighton. He left Radley in 1852, and afterwards attended Eton College. He joined the 14th Foot in 1857, and served with them until 1864. He then lived in New Zealand from 1864 until 1884. In 1864 he married Amelia, daughter of Daniel Riddiford. He died at Greatford, Wellington, New Zealand on 1st March 1884. (L)

Wilson, John Bollard. Born 1835. Aged 14 on admission. The son of John Wilson of Birmingham. He left Radley in 1853 and attended Oriel College, Oxford, 1853-5. He rowed as spare man for the Oxford University VIII. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1856. He died at Rangiora, New Zealand on 21st January 1920. (S)

Fourteen boys joined the school in the autumn of 1848, following on from nineteen in the first half of the year.

Balfour, Melville. Born 1838. Aged 10 on admission. The son of Charles Balfour, of Lower Berkeley Street, London. He left in 1852, and went on to Bradfield College. He joined the Indian Army in 1855 and was killed in the Massacre at Cawnpore, June 1857.

Crichton, Arthur William. Born 1833. Aged 15 on admission. The son of Rev. William John Crichton, Vicar of Crayford, Kent. He left in 1850. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1853, graduating BA in 1857. He became the Deputy-Lieutenant of Herefordshire. In 1867 he married Constance Powys, daughter of 3rd Lord Lilford. He died on 4th February, 1882

Crichton, Henry Benyon. Born 1835. Aged 13 on admission. Younger brother of Arthur. He left in 1850. He entered Christ Church, Oxford, in 1854, BA 1860, MA 1861. He became Deputy Lieutenant of Herefordshire and successively Justice of the Peace for Herefordshire and for Radnorshire. In 1863 he married Emma Charlotte, daughter of J. Dillwyn-Llewellyn, FRS, JP, of Penllergare, Swansea. He died at Bath on 26th September, 1889.

Gibbs, Robert Crawley. Born 1839. Aged 9 on admission. Son of the late George Henry Gibbs of Aldenham House, Hertfordshire. He left in 1850, and went on to Eton College. He died at Bedminster, Gloucestershire, on 31st July, 1856.

Gurdon, Philip. Born 1835. Aged 13/14 on admission. Son of James Gurdon, JP, of Assington Hall, Suffolk. He was one of the earliest Prefects. He left Radley in 1851. He entered University College, Oxford, in 1854, BA 1858, MA 1860. He rowed for Oxford University VIII 1856-7. He took Holy Orders in 1859-66. Served as Vicar of Assington, Sufolk, 1861-66. He married 1st, Mary, daughter of Rev. A. Hanbury of Bures, Suffolk. After her death in 1870 he married Marie, daughter of F. Rio, of Paris. He died at St Leonard’s, Sussex on 21st February, 1929.

Kennard, Henry Martyn. Born 1835. Aged 13 on admission. The son of Robert William Kennard, MP, of Gatcombe, Isle of Wight. He left Radley in 1849. He became Justice of the Peace for Glamorgan, and Deputy-Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for Monmouthshire, appointed Sheriff in 1863. He served as Provincial Grandmaster of the Monmouthshire Freemasons, 1902-1910. In 1858 he married Katherine, daughter of Rev. George Thomas, of Ystrad Mynach, Glamorgan. She died in 1875. Henry Kennard died in London on 3rd August, 1911.

Lumley, Edward. Born 1835. Aged 13 on admission. The son of Edward Lumley, Publisher, of Chancery Lane, London. He left Radley in 1849. He joined the Admiralty branch of the Civil Service in 1858, and after a 40-year career there, retired as Superintending Clerk in the Accountant-General’s Department of the Admiralty in 1898. In 1860 he married Emma, daughter of G. Wakeling. He died on 20th October, 1921.

Manning, William Henry. Born 1837. Aged 11 on admission. The son of Charles John Manning of 15 Prince’s Gardens, SW. He left in 1851, and entered Ushaw College, Durham. He took Holy Orders as a Roman Catholic priest in 1860, and served at St Charles’s College, Notting Hill, London. He was created a Monsignor in 1878. He died at St Charles’s on 9th July, 1879.

Medley, Spenser Mansel. Born 1837. Aged 11 on admission. The son of the Rt. Rev. John Medley, DD, Bishop of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada (see entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). He left Radley in 1850. Joined the Royal Navy in 1855, retiring as Captain in 1883. He served in New Zealand in the Maori War of 1863. He later joined the Coastguards. In 1863 he married Mary Catherine, daughter of Rev. R. Taylor of Wanganui, New Zealand. He died on 28th January, 1893.

There was a strong lobby to award a Decimal place to Spenser Medley, which Singleton and Sewell consistently refused. Ultimately, they agreed to offer him a place at Radley for nothing, as “an acceptable sacrifice to Heaven”. See Singleton’s diary entry for 11th June 1848.

Moorsom, Henry Manvers. Born 1840. Aged 8 on admission. The son of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Moorsom of the Royal Scots Fusilier Guards, of Airey Hill, Whitby. He left Radley in 1854. He entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in 1854, and was awarded the Sword of Honour in 1857. He joined the Royal Artillery in 1857, being Lieutenant-Colonel in 1883 and Colonel in 1888. He retired in 1896. He served in the China War in 1860, including the capture of the Taku Forts and the surrender of Pekin. He was an instructor at Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from 1877 to 1884. In 1905 he was awarded an additional pension for distinguished service. In 1869 he married Ada Florence, daughter of T. Hall Chapman. He died at Brighton on 5th May, 1915.

His father became a trustee of Radley following the Sewell crash in 1862 and was one of the architects of its survival as a school. His sister, Emma, married William Wood, Fellow and later Warden of Radley. He was a member of a distinguished military family; see entries in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for Sir Robert Moorsom and William Robert Moorsom

Newland, George Edward. Born 1838. Aged 10 on admission. Awarded a Decimal place. The son of the Very Rev. Henry Newland, Dean of Ferns. He left Radley in 1852. He served in the Royal Irish Constabulary from 1852 to 1888, retiring with the rank of Assistant Inspector-General and Commandant of Depot. He died on 18th June 1898.
Probably related to Henry Newland (see entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Pearse, Thomas George. Born 1836. Aged 12 on admission. Son of Rev. George Pearse, Vicar of Martham, Norfolk. He left in 1850. He Entered Caius College, Cambridge in 1854, graduated BA. He took Holy Orders and became Curate of Martham. At an unknown date he emigrated to America, where he was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest.

Trench, Frederick Chenevix (later called Chenevix-Trench). Born 1837. Son of Rev. Richard Chenevix Trench, Professor of Divinity, King’s College, London, later Archbishop of Dublin (see entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). Frederick left Radley in 1852, and went to Cheltenham College. He joined the 7th Bengal Cavalry in 1857, the 20th Hussars in 1858, becoming Lieutenant-Colonel (commanding) 1880-83, and Major-General in 1887. He served in the Indian Mutiny 1857-8, including the siege and capture of Delhi and Lucknow. He was Professor at the military Staff College 1879-80. Served as Military Attaché at St Petersburg, 1883-86; C.M.G. 1887. In 1873 he married Mary, daughter of Captain Charles B. Mulville, late 3rd Dragoon Guards. He wrote several books on military history. He died at Braemar on 18th August, 1894. He was a member of a distinguished family; see entries in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for Melesina Trench, his grandmother, and Francis Chenevix Trench, his uncle.

Tanqueray-Willaume, Thomas Butts. Born 1836. Aged 12 on admission. The son of Thomas Butts Tanqueray-Willaume of 39 Broad Street, EC. He left in 1850. Became a solicitor. He died at Sittingbourne, Kent on 1st December, 1884.

Prior Fellows

May 28, 2010

Singleton does not mention this fundamental aspect of the governance of the College before his diary entry of 26th May, 1848. The statutes made provision for five, non-resident Prior Fellows, ‘persons of eminence and weight in the country,’ who were to act in an advisory capacity. The first five (Lord Powis, the Hon. Richard Cavendish, the Venerable Arcdeacon Grant, Dr J H Markland and the Rev Charles Marriott) were elected at a College Meeting ‘with the consent of the Founders’. At least two of them were admitted to office with the same ceremony as the resident Fellows.

The majority of the Prior Fellows had close links with the founders of Radley or their immediate circles. Three, William Sewell, Anthony Grant and William Heathcote, were nearly contemporary fellow Wykehamists, whilst Charles Marriott had attended Exeter College, and Grant New College as contemporaries of Sewell or his brother, James Edwards Sewell. Other links were through the high-church movement; two were parents.

The Prior Fellows, particularly Charles Marriott and Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, were actively involved in negotiations between Singleton and Sewell in 1851, and in the restructuring of the constitution in 1862. After 1862 their role was fulfilled by a number of Trustees, who were themselves replaced by the College Council in 1890.

Admitted 1850:

Dr James Heywood Markland, noted antiquary and book collector, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and founder member of the Roxburghe Club. He was resident in Bath and wrote extensively on Somerset, and it is possible that he was approached by Radley College via Edwin Monk’s connections in Frome. In recognition of his services to the Church of England, particularly his writings on church monuments, he was awarded the degree of DCL at Oxford University, in 1849. He was strong supporter of all church societies and administered a large charitable fund on behalf of the Misses Mitford of Bath.

The Rev Charles Marriott, Fellow of Oriel College, Vicar of St Mary’s, Oxford from 1850-1858. He entered Exeter College as an undergraduate in 1829. He was a close associate of Newman and Pusey, joint-editor with them of the series Library of the Fathers. He was deeply committed to education, particularly to the foundation and early development of Bradfield College, where his brother, John, was the curate of the parish. Marriott’s brother had approached Singleton about sending his younger brothers to Radley but decided eventually on Bradfield.

Admitted 1851:

The (3rd) Earl of Powis, High Steward of Cambridge University from 1863-91

The Hon. John Chetwynd Talbot, QC. Director-General of the Military Store Department, India. His sons, Charles and Gerald, attended Radley from 1854, the elder becoming Senior Prefect under William Sewell. The boys were placed under the guardianship of Sewell whilst their parents were in India. Transcripts of the Talbot family letters from the boys survive in Radley College Archives.

The Ven. Anthony Grant, Vicar of Romford, 1838-62, Archdeacon of St Albans, 1846-83. Anthony Grant was the son of the Vicar of Portsea, near Portsmouth, with close connections with the Isle of Wight, Sewell’s family home. He was a pupil at Winchester College from 1815, and entered New College, Oxford in 1827. His son, Cyril Fletcher Grant, attended Radley from 1854 to 1858. Cyril then went on to school at Marlborough College. Anthony Grant gave the Bampton Lectures in Oxford in 1843, which were important in the history of Christian mission. His sermons were edited by his son in 1884.

Admitted 1852:

The Rt. Hon. Sir William Heathcote. Politician. A close relative of William Beadon Heathcote, who became Warden of Radley from 1851-52 and was an early advisor and confidante of Singleton and Sewell. Sir William Heathcote was the patron of John Keble. He was supporter of Gladstone and in 1854 elected MP for Oxford.

Admitted 1856:

Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon. He was born in 1829, so was 27 when he was appointed to Radley. Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick 1861-66; Governor of Trinidad 1866, of Mauritius 1871, of Fiji 1875, of New Zealand, 1880, of Ceylon 1883-90. Created Baron Stanmore 1893. During the 1850s he served as a Liberal MP for Beverley and as occasional secretary for Gladstone, until he was forced to distance himself from the latter because of the heated disagreement between his father, Lord Aberdeen, and Gladstone over the issue of a unified Greece. He was considered one of the most able of the colonial governors, establishing systems of government which favoured native peoples over white settlers. His work in Fiji, in particular, laid lasting foundations for the contemporary state. He was an acknowledged high-churchman.

Edmund Savory

March 20, 2010

The fourth man to be admitted as a Fellow of Radley. He was a B.A. of Oriel College, Oxford. He took Holy Orders in 1851, and left Radley in 1852. He served as Rector of Binfield, Berkshire, from 1859-1903, during which time he was Rural Dean of Maidenhead, 1881-1902, and appointed an Honorary Canon of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1881-1912. He died in 1912.

It was Edmund Savory (accompanied by Howard) who first took the boys rowing on the river.

Photograph at Bracknell Forest Heritage Image Library.

Nineteen boys joined the school during the new term of January-July, 1848. This included four pairs of brothers, the Elliots, the Hills, the Kennards, and the Woods, and two cousins, Henry and William Sewell, William Sewell’s nephews. The inclusion of a number of these in the school had been the subject of much discussion between Sewell, Singleton and the various parents and close relations of the boys concerned, particularly the Elliot brothers, and the Hills, who were being moved from Marlborough College, and Henry Portman. Despite the doubts over a suitable age for a boy to start at the school, which had been a major stumbling block for the admission of Gilbert Elliot, at least three were over 15 when they started, being born in 1833, whilst one, Nicholas Hill, born 1832, was already nearly sixteen. The youngest new boy was Henry Sewell, born 1840, and still only 8 years old. This wide discrepancy in the boys’ ages caused problems, which were possibly not rectified until Heathcote became Warden in 1851, when he established junior and senior dormitories, and gave the younger boys their own matron.

Most stayed at the school for a reasonable time, given their ages at entry: two left within a year, and one in the next year (1849) but the majority stayed throughout Singleton’s time as Warden, ten boys leaving with him at the end of 1850, and two in 1851. A further four boys continued until the end of Heathcote’s Wardenship in 1852. Only three of those who came in the initial two terms continued under William Sewell’s Wardenship, including his nephew, Henry Sewell. Only four are recorded as attending another school after leaving Radley.

Of the first twenty-two boys to enter the school (including Melhuish, Reynolds and Clutterbuck) ten went on to graduate (nine from Oxford, one from Cambridge University); five went into the Church; four into the army; three into the professions (doctor, writer, insurance broker) and three into business (two brothers working together trading with Russia, one a brewer in Suffolk); two emigrated to the colonies, with a third entering the Indian Civil Service; two became prominent local landowners, serving as magistrates as Justices of the Peace, and one became a member of Parliament; one died young after a distinguished university career, and for one there is no information. Three died in their early twenties, three in middle age (41, 57 and 58) but all the others lived long lives, ranging from 75 years to 93.

Arrived Lent Term (ie. between January-April, 1848)

Day, Hermitage Charles. Born 1833. Aged 14/15 on admission. Son of Thomas Hermitage Day of Frindsbury, Rochester. Hermitage Day was appointed one of the first eight prefects by William Heathcote in 1851. He left in the latter half of 1851. He entered Brasenose College, Oxford in 1851; BA 1855; MA 1858; ad eund. MA Durham University 1859. Took Holy Orders 1856. Served as Vicar of Bredhurst, Kent, 1864-78. Died at Frindsbury, Rochester, 29th September 1917.

Donnison, Edward William. Born 1834. Aged 13/14 on admission. Son of John Donnison of 71 Cornhill, London. Left Radley in 1850. He emigrated to Canada and then to New York, where he died 8th March 1859.

Elliot, Dunsterville. Born 1835. Aged 12/13 on admission. Son of William Elliot, Doctor, of Stratford, Essex. Left Radley in 1850. He became an insurance broker and then a librarian. He died at Belvedere, Kent, 17th December 1893.

Elliot, Gilbert Stanley. Born 1833. Aged 15 on admission. Elder brother of Dunsterville. He left Radley in 1849. He attended Brasenose College, Oxford, 1851-2. He then emigrated to Australia, where he became a station owner in New South Wales. In 1868 he married Catherine Maria, daughter of William Robinson of Courtlands, Barstow, Surrey. He died from a carriage accident at Young, New South Wales, on 10th February 1874.

Hill, Alfred Octavius. Born 1835. Aged 12/13 on admission. Son of Henry Hill, (who had died before his sons attended Radley), of Ashfield Hall, Cheshire. Transferred from Marlborough College. Alfred Hill was appointed one of the first eight prefects by William Heathcote in 1851. He left Radley in 1852. He became a merchant in Russia. In 1856 he married Bessie Alice, daughter of Dr John Drury of St Petersburg. He died in St Petersburg on 19th July, 1869.

Hill, Nicholas Stanton. Born 1832. Aged 15/16 on admission. Elder brother of Alfred. Transferred from Marlborough College. Left Radley 1850. Became a Russia broker based in Eastcheap, London. In 1856 he married Katharine Boycott, daughter of Rev. Frederick Gauntlett, Rector of Fladbury, Worcestershire, and in 1907 he married Margaret Emily, daughter of Hugh Alexander Kennedy, Madras Army. He died in London on 5th February, 1918.

Howard, Henry. Birth date unknown. Son of John Henry Howard of Woburn Place, London. He left Radley in 1854. Attended Trinity College Dublin, awarded Bachelor of Medicine. He died in Honolulu, c. 1890.

Portman, Henry Fitzhardinge Berkeley. Born 1839. Aged 8/9 on admission. Son of Major Henry William Berkeley Portman, JP, late of 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, of Langton Lodge, Dorset. He left in 1850. He attended Magdalen College, Oxford from 1859, awarded BA 1863, in Holy Orders 1864. He became the Rector of Pylle, Somerset, 1866-85, and of Orchard Portman with Thurlbear from 1885. He married (1st) in 1866, Alice Elizabeth, daughter of John Mainwaring Paine of Farnham; and 2nd, in 1887, Gertrude, daughter of John Frederick Norman of Staplegrove, Taunton. He died at Thurlbear, 18th November 1924.

Sewell, Henry. Born 1840. Aged 7/8 on admission. Son of Henry Sewell, of Wellington, New Zealand, and nephew of William Sewell. Appointed Senior Prefect under William Sewell in 1857. He rowed for the VIII in 1855-6. He left Radley in 1858. He was awarded a Scholarship and Mathematics Exhibition to University College, Oxford in 1858. BA 1862, MA 1879. He joined the Indian Civil Service (Madras) in 1862. Became Councillor and Magistrate at Trichinopoli in 1875; District and Sessions Judge 1886; Councillor and Magistrate South Arcot, 1887-90. Retired 1891. In 1872 he married Sarah Letham, daughter of E.J. Bostock of Australia. He died at Boscombe, Bournemouth, on 13th April, 1919.

Willis, Thomas Frederick. Born 1838. Aged 9/10 on admission. Son of Rev. Thomas Willis, Incumbent of Southwick, Brighton. He left Radley in 1852, and shortly afterwards entered Eton College as a Scholar. He went to Exeter College, Oxford in 1857, taking his BA in 1861, and Holy Orders 1862-76. In 1864 he married Eleanor, daughter of James Farthing. She died in 1870, and in 1872 he married Elizabeth, daughter of John Milner of Clapham Park. He died in London on 20th October, 1928.

Wood, Henry. Born 1835. Aged 13/14 on admission. Son of Robert Henry Wood of Richmond, Surrey. He left Radley within a few months in 1848. In 1853 he joined the 69th Regiment, transferring in 1855 to the 30th Regiment, and then in 1859 to the Rifle Brigade. He achieved the rank of Brevet Major in 1872, commanded his battalion in 1880-85, made Brevet Colonel in 1884 and commanded the 9th Regimental District in 1887-90. He retired in March 1890. He served in the Crimean War, including the Siege of Sebastopol, 1855-6; on the North-West Frontier in India, 1864; in the Afghan War, 1879; and was mentioned in despatches in the Mahsood Wuzeeree Expedition in 1881. His first wife, married in 1866, was Charlotte Frances, daughter of Major-General Smith, who died in 1869; and his second wife, married in 1871, was Helen Mary, daughter of Rev Henry Brown, Rector of Woolwich. Henry Wood died at Norwich on 17th March, 1919.

Wood, Robert. Born 1837. Younger brother of Henry Wood. Aged 10/11 on admission. He left, with his brother, shortly after entering Radley in 1848, and later attended King’s College School, London. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1856, taking his BA 1859, MA 1861, and Holy Orders 1861. He served as Vicar of Christ Church, Erith, 1875-81, then as Rector of Halstead, Kent, 1881-87, of Smarden, Kent, 1887-90, and as Vicar of Bickley, 1890-98. In 1861 he married Charlotte, daughter of WH Goschen, of 12 Austin Friars, EC, London. He died at Farncombe, Surrey on 6th March, 1912.

Young, John Hardy. Born 1835. Aged 13/14 on admission. Son of John Young of Stamford Hill, London. Left Radley in 1850. There are no further details of his life in Radley’s records.

Arrived Summer Term, 1848: May-July

Byass, Robert Nicoll. Born 1835. Aged 13/14 on admission. Son of Robert Blake Byass, of Neville Court, Kent. Left Radley in 1851. Attended Oriel College, Oxford, 1853. Became Justice of the Peace for Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire, 1874. Married, first in 1857, Mary, daughter of Rev W. Hutchinson, who died 1879; second, in 1884, Mary Ann, daughter of James Dalglish of Aigburth, Lancashire. He died at Bournemouth on 4th April, 1924.

Kennard, Adam Steinmetz. Born 1833. Aged 14/15 on admission. Son of John Pierse Kennard of Hordle Cliff, Hampshire. Left Radley in 1850. Became Justic of the Peace for Hampshire in 1879, and Sherriff in 1885. He married, first in 1861, Grace Ellen, daughter of Joseph Hegan of Dawpool, Cheshire, who died 1880; and second, in 1883, Alica Jane, daughter of H. Lomax Gaskell, of Kiddington Hall, Oxfordshire. He died at Belmore, Upham, on 1st February, 1915.

Kennard, Edmund Hegan. Born 1834. Younger brother of Adam. Aged 13/14 on admission. Left Radley 1850. Attended Balliol College, Oxford, 1853; 3rd Class in Law and History, 1857, BA 1858, MA 1873. Joined 8th Hussars, 1858, achieved the rank of Captain in 1866, retired from active service in 1870, and then became Lieutenant-Colonel of the 15th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers, 1870-1885, Honorary Colonel from 1885. Member of Parliament (conservative) for Beverley, Yorkshire, 1868-9 and Lymington, Dorset, 1874-85. In 1868 he married Agnes, daughter of Joseph Hegan of Dawpool, Cheshire – sister of his brother Adam’s wife, Grace. Agnes died in 1906. Edmund died at Great Tangley Manor, Guildford on 9th July, 1912.

A third Kennard brother joined the school in the following term in 1848.

Kennett, Charles Leighton. Born 1838. Aged 9/10 on admission. Son of Captain Charles Leighton Kennett. Left Radley in 1850, and attended Lancing School. Joined the 4th Hussars in 1858, Captain, 1865, retired 1866. In 1864 he married Miss Emma Allison. He died at Crawley, Sussex, on 1st December 1867.

Edward Saxon Richards

Richards, Edward Saxon. Born 1837. Aged 9/10 on admission. Son of Rev. Edward Tew Richards, Rector of Farlington, Hampshire. Became one of the earliest Prefects. Left Radley in 1855. Awarded an Exhibition to Trinity College, Oxford, 1855 and a Demy at Magdalen College, Oxford, 1856. He died at Oxford on 20th January, 1857. His father founded the Richards Gold Medal in his memory. This has remained the highest prize awarded annually by Radley College.

Portrait photograph of Henry Sewell

Sewell, William Robert Dalrymple. Birth date unknown. Son of General Sir William Henry Sewell, KCB. Left Radley 1850, and attended Addiscombe School, 1850-52. He joined the Madras Artillery in 1852 and served in the Indian Mutiny in 1857, including the capture of Delhi. He was mentioned in despatches. He was invalided out of the army and died on the voyage home, off St Helena, on 6th January, 1859.

Alexander Clutterbuck

November 5, 2009

Clutterbuck was born in 1837, so was ten years old when he entered the school, the youngest of the first three pupils. He arrived three days after Melhuish and Reynolds. He was the son of Peter Clutterbuck of Red Hall, Hertfordshire. He was less able academically than his schoolfellows, particularly the brilliant Samuel Reynolds, and consequently he appears most often in Singleton’s diary as the source of vexation and trouble, frequently being punished for bad behaviour or poor work.

He left the school in 1852, aged fifteen. For most of his life he was a brewer in Suffolk. In 1863 he married Adelaide, daughter of Sir George Barrow. He died on 24th July 1890.

Several other members of the Clutterbuck family attended Radley until the First World War.

George Melhuish

August 18, 2009

Portrait photograph of George Edward Melhuish

The first boy to enter the school. George Melhuish was born in 1836, the son of John Melhuish of Elmwood, Upper Tooting. He was eleven years old. George was succeeded in 1854 and 1862 by his brothers Charles and John, the first of a family which has sent boys to the school in most succeeding generations, including the present.

George Melhuish had been a pupil of Captain Haskoll for some time before either came to Radley, and it was probably this existing connection which determined the choice to send him to the school so early in its life. Samuel Reynolds recalled that there was a good rapport between the two:

Captain Haskoll took us in French; and I am sorry to say that, except from Melhuish, he had no help from any one …1

George became the first Senior Prefect in 1851-2. As Senior Prefect, he was remembered for having organised a subscription throughout the school towards a new pedestal and ball for the eagle lectern in the chapel in 1851. At the end of August 1851 the crisis between Singleton and Sewell, which would end in Singleton’s resignation, was coming to a head. On 10th September a memorial signed by seventy-two of the seventy-seven boys on the roll, headed by Melhuish, was presented to Singleton:

False reports having been circulated of disaffection and divisions among the students of the College, the undersigned desire to testify their sincere and unqualified submission and attachment to the Warden.2

Melhuish left Radley to attend Merton College, Oxford, where he was Postmaster, and achieved 1st Class Classical Mods. He took Holy Orders in 1858 and served as Honorary Assistant Curate at Bradford-upon-Avon, 1858-64, when his health broke down. He died at Clapham Park in 1874.

1: From TD Raikes. Sicut columbae. Oxford, 1897
2: Quoted in AK Boyd. The history of Radley College, 1847-1947. Oxford, 1947

St. Columba’s was initially planned by four men: Viscount Adare (son of the 2nd Earl of Dunraven) a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin and MP for Glamorganshire; his brother-in-law William Monsell, later Liberal MP for County Limerick; William Sewell; and Rev. James Henthorn Todd, a Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin. The Bishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland was Lord John George Beresford, son of the First Marquis of Waterford. He supported the foundation of St Columba’s and gave an initial gift of £500 in 1841. Beresford agreed to the inclusion amongst the Founders of Augustus O’Brien, of Limerick and Northamptonshire, another MP, who was a friend of Adare and Monsell and had been described to Sewell by Gladstone as ‘the man most likely to be useful to us.’ In April 1841 a draft prospectus was presented to the Primate and to the Bishop of Down. At this meeting the Primate urged the inclusion of two older clergyman amongst the Founders. Consequently Dean Jackson of Armagh and Dean Henry Cotton of Lismore were included. The printed prospectus issued in April 1841 listed the ‘Founders and Governors’ as Dunraven, Adare, Monsell, O’Brien, Jackson, Cotton, Todd and Sewell. The Primate is named ex officio as Visitor. Dean Jackson died shortly thereafter, and was replaced in January 1842 by the Rev. Dr C R Elrington, Regius Professor of Divinity in Dublin University.

From the first, St Columba’s was to be run on collegiate lines by a body of resident and teaching Fellows, among whom the Headmaster was to be the first amongst equals rather than in total control of the school. The Fellows were to receive £80 pa with furnished rooms, to be unmarried, and to constitute ‘a body of men who in return for the privilege of a dignified, scholarly, communal life would be content with modest salaries.’ This caused immediate problems, chiefly created by Sewell, who declared that there must be enough Fellows to make a collegiate institution with an atmosphere of study, regardless of the financial constraints on the College or the number of men actually required to teach the boys. Further, he demanded a wide range of interests, including a Fellow for Medicine and one for Architecture. He approached at least one man in Oxford independently of the other Governors of St. Columba’s.

When the College opened in 1843, it had a body of six Fellows, four of whom were ordained. They included JT Coffey, still working for a degree at Trinity College, Dublin, as teacher of Irish; two clergymen from Oxford, MC Morton from Exeter College, and H Tripp, who remained at St Columba’s until 1851, outlasting all his contemporaries; R King from Trinity College, Dublin, who declared himself ready to undertake the duties of the ‘science fellowship’ although there were no plans to teach science; and Robert Singleton. These were joined during the next two or three years by Robert King and Edwin Monk.

In April 1844, Todd wrote that salaries must be raised in order to get good men: ‘even Morton is beginning to complain.’ Already there was a groundswell of dissatisfaction with the Statutes and conditions of service, exacerbated by Singleton’s handling of the men: in a single day he demoted Morton from the post of Sub-warden because he had not yet signed the new statutes, appointed Tripp as Sub-Warden in his place, Morton then signed, Tripp resigned, and Morton was re-instated. At the end of 1845 or the beginning of 1846 two of the Fellows were forced to resign because of their non-compliance with the statute on Fasting. When matters came to a head, four of the remaining six fellows resigned with Singleton, leaving only Morton and Tripp. Morton was appointed Warden of St Columba’s. Tripp became Sub-Warden.

Morton died in April 1850, aged 31, having served St Columba’s since its foundation when he was 24. At Morton’s death, some parents urged that Tripp be appointed Warden. But Todd, supported by Cotton, opposed this, describing Tripp as ‘very nice but lax in discipline and with poor judgement.’ Tripp resigned the following year.

Edward Howard

July 20, 2009

Edward Irvine Howard was the youngest son of the Royal Academician Henry Howard, well-known at the time for his paintings on historical and mythological scenes. His eldest brother, Frank, was also a painter. Edward Howard was the third Fellow to join Singleton’s staff, having recently completed a degree at Lincoln College, Oxford.

Edward Howard made a significant impact upon his pupils at a time when staff out-numbered boys. Samuel Reynolds remembered him as an able Classics teacher:

The second Fellow, Edward Irvine Howard, taught us Classics and ancient history. I am deeply indebted to him as a teacher. He was a sound Classic, well read in modern literature, and a man of many accomplishments, a good draughtsman, a good musician, a good oar, and a fair hand at cricket. As long as he was at Radley, he had charge of the head form, and excellently did he do his work. He was not an elegant scholar. His Greek and Latin verse were not at all up to the mark. But, except in verse composition, he was good all round – good especially at beating sense out of a tough passage in Thucydides, or a corrupt chorus in Aeschylus, and into a boy’s brains. To mistakes, and carelessness, and stupidity, he shewed no mercy; but though he had a sharp tongue enough, I do not think he was sharper on us than we well deserved, and I am sure we profited by his remarks. [SH Reynolds]1

He was fondly remembered for taking part in the boys’ games, when there were too few to form teams:

Our first term passed pleasantly enough. It was not, as far, as I remember, a very lively or eventful time. My two school-fellows, Melhuish and Clutterbuck, were a good deal younger than I was, and were not, either of them, much good at games. However, with help from Monk and Howard, we managed occasionally to have a turn at cricket, and, later in the season, at football; but there were not enough of us, all told, to make much of it at either game. [SH Reynolds]1

and for providing treats such as decorating a kite which Edwin Monk made for them, by painting a design of a Pegasus with a ‘Petran’ (ie. Radleian) on its back with the device ‘Sic itur ad astra’, and organising the earliest rowing outing on the River Thames:

[1849] The beginning was this – one morning Messrs Savory and Howard chose six boys and me as cox, took us up to Sandford where an eight was lying – I don’t know where she came from. We all got in and rowed her to the new boat house. I never saw that boat manned again that I can remember.

[Memoir of Philip Gurdon, Radley’s first Rowing Blue, who entered the school in 1848.]

Edward Howard also contributed to art work for the new College, following the eclectic tradition of design which he inherited from his father. He designed the earliest College seal, and two emblems, one of a dove which is still extant as a binding stamp on the books from the earliest library, the second the figure of St Peter long used as the device for The Radleian magazine and on the College’s most prestigious award, the Richards Gold Medal. His most lasting achievement was the design of the Bell Tower, now Clock Tower, based on German towers from the Rhineland region.

He left Radley in 1849 to take up a post in law in Bombay, where his elder brother William was advocate-general. He was the founder of the Bombay Quarterly. He was killed in a train accident in India in 1869.

A short obituary was published in the Law Times and the Gentleman’s Magazine, and Howard’s career as a journalist is recorded in Joseph Crowe’s Reminiscences of thirty-five years of my life. (1865)

1: From TD Raikes, Sicut Columbae. Oxford, 1897
2: Quoted in AK Boyd The history of Radley College, 1847-1947. Oxford, 1947. pp. 376-7

Samuel Reynolds

July 19, 2009

Samuel Harvey Reynolds was the son of Samuel Reynolds, FRCS, a surgeon practising in Stoke Newington. He was born in 1832, so was aged 15/16 when he entered the school in 1847, considerably older than his two classmates who were aged respectively 11 and 10. This age difference meant that Reynolds was seen very much as the responsible, senior member of the school during its earliest years, frequently being chastised for faults in the younger boys. However, his reminiscences are affectionate, and tempered with a sense of humour and proportion:

The Radley system, then and afterwards, I must describe as well as I can. I think that any boy, coming to Radley from another school, as many of us did, must have felt at once the much greater individual care which he received. Radley boys, as Mr Sewell more than once told us, were to be brought up to be gentlemen, scholars and Christians; and this design the Warden and the rest of the staff spared no pains to carry out. Conduct and character were closely watched; faults were observed and checked, not only as offences against College rules, but as inconsistent with the high standard to which we were expected to confirm. Nothing, however trivial, was suffered to pass without notice. Our dress, our behaviour at meals, and during play-hours, and at all times, were under constant scrutiny and control. That all this was done with the best object I am sure, but I am not so sure that it was done wisely and well. Possibly it was a little over-done. Radley, under the then Warden, was in the nature of a hot-house. Life at the place was, for many of us, a cramped and artificial life. It would have been better, perhaps, if we had been left a little more to ourselves, and had not been forced to feel at every turn that we were living under a perpetual restraint. I speak of Radley as I knew it. Things have been managed with more judgement since. They would have been managed with more judgement then, if the Warden himself had ever been at a public school, or had known more than he did about public school life.1

Reynolds left Radley in 1850 to attend Exeter College, Oxford. He had a distinguished career as an undergraduate, winning prizes for the Newdigate Prize Poem2 and the Chancellor’s English Essay Prize, and graduating with 1st Class Honours. He became a Fellow, Tutor and Bursar of Brasenose College, and served from 1871-93 as Vicar of East Ham. He became highly regarded as a writer, working on the staff of The Times newspaper and published extensively on Classics and Belles-lettres. He died at Biarritz in 1897.

See entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

1: Quoted in TD Raikes. Sicut Columbae. Oxford, 1897
2: Four Old Radleians have won the Newdigate Prize for Poetry at the University of Oxford. These are: Samuel Reynolds, 1853: The Ruins of Egyptian Thebes; Robert Crutwell, 1907: Luis de Camoens; Peter Way, 1948: Caesarion; Andrew Motion, 1975: The tides.